Forward-based nuclear systems in NATO in historical perspective

lessons for SALT III
  • 42 Pages
  • 3.12 MB
  • English
Rand Corp.] , [Santa Monica, CA
North Atlantic Treaty Organization -- Defenses., Nuclear disarma
StatementMalcolm W. Hoag.
SeriesThe Rand Paper Series ; P-6426
The Physical Object
Paginationiii, 42 p. ;
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16410570M

Elaboration of the author's contention that current disputes about the rationale for deployment of U.S. nuclear weapons in NATO Europe can only be understood in historical terms.

The paper surveys NATO doctrine from to the present, the roles of airpower and the land battle, forward basing and European politics, the worth of strategic.

Forward-based nuclear systems in NATO in historical perspective lessons for SALT III. [Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corp.], (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Malcolm W Hoag; Rand Corporation.

To provide perspective on the long-term – if now attenuated – U.S. nuclear presence in NATO Europe, the National Security Archive publishes today a special collection of declassified documents on the early years of U.S. nuclear deployments on the continent in the context of alliance nuclear policy and nuclear use consultation arrangements.

States ever permanently forgo its efforts to achieve the nuclear primacy needed to make NATO’s radical nuclear strategy plausible.

For example, the United States spent hundreds of billions of dollars on nuclear forces, deliv-ery capabilities, and targeting intelligence in the later years of the Cold. This book began as a personal effort to comprehend the effect of nuclear weapons on the current era and its international system.

Nuclear weapons have not merely revolutionized the military sphere but havce also left their stamp on the world order. Knowledge of the basic principles of nuclear strategy has become a prerequisite to understanding world events.1/5(1).

Hoag, Forward-Based Nuclear Systems in Historical Perspective: Lessons for SALT III P (Santa Monica, The RAND Corp., ) Google Scholar and Michael Higgins and Christopher Makins, ‘Theater Nuclear Forces and “Grey Area” Arms Control’, in R.

Burt (ed.), Arms Control and Defense Postures in The s (Boulder: Westview.

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NATO Secretary General Dirk Stikker presented a special report on NATO Defence Policy (CM(62)48), 17 Aprilon the issue of the political control of nuclear weapons. It was basically NATO's first attempt to temper its policy of massive retaliation by submitting the use of nuclear weapons to consultation under varying circumstances.

Acclaimed author and producer explores the history of nuclear weapons systems in the United States. Sobering accounts of nuclear accidents, near misses, and technological developments raise questions about the management and safety of the US nuclear arsenal.

Eric Schlosser is a member of the Ploughshares Fund Board of Directors. From the political perspective, however, nuclear sharing is still important for the credibility of nuclear deterrence in Europe and for NATO’s cohesion. Berlin’s withdrawal from the programme, together with the withdrawal of US nuclear weapons from Germany, would be perceived by Russia as a sign of a serious US–European disengagement.

Title: Nuclear Threats and Security Challenges. SPS Reference: G Abstract: With the dissolution of the Soviet Union the nuclear threats facing the world are constantly evolving and have grown more complex since the end of the Cold diversion of complete weapon systems or nuclear material to rogue nations and terrorist organizations has increased.

short but complex history of nuclear strategy. The Cold War is now history, albeit the sort of history that we will be living with for a long time yet. It is therefore time to review the policies and strategies of the Cold War in a historical perspective.

In this essay, it is NATO's nuclear. Washington, D.C., Septem – The NATO nuclear stockpile arrangements that have persisted since the Cold War were initially negotiated during the Eisenhower and Kennedy administrations, facilitating the controversial nuclear sharing arrangements with the allies.

The deployments, begun in part as a deterrent against East-West conflict, involved the assignment of. 7 An excellent brief history of NATO's conception of the role of nuclear weapons is presented in J. Michael Legge, "Theater Nuclear Weapons and the NATO Strategy of Flexible Response," Santa Monica (Calif.): RAND Corporation, RFF, April For this section I have also drawn on unpublished writings of David A.

Rosenberg and David Schwartz.

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The history of NATO started when British diplomacy set the stage to contain the Soviet Union and to stop the expansion of communism in Europe. The United Kingdom and France signed in signed the Treaty of Dunkirk, a defensive pact, which was expanded in with the Treaty of Brussels to add the three Benelux countries (Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg) and committed them to.

The U.S. nuclear enterprise is going through a cycle of modernization that touches practically every system in the arsenal. This modernization push requires the nuclear enterprise to engage deeply with the defense acquisition system in a way it has not since its last major modernization cycle in the s.

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The book reflects the author's experience across more than forty years in assessing and forming policy about nuclear weapons, mostly at senior levels close to the centre both of British governmental decision-making and of NATO's development of plans and deployments, with much interaction also with comparable levels of United States activity in the Pentagon and the State s: 4.

It is therefore time to review the policies and strategies of the Cold War in a historical perspective. In this essay, it is NATO's nuclear strategy during the Cold War that will be the subject of such a review.

Send article to Kindle. To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure [email protected] is added to your Approved Personal. substrategic nuclear force, after mid-decade, to gravity nuclear bombs to be delivered by dua.l-capable aircraft (DCA).

Thus, by default, NATO's on-call substrategic nuclear forces have been defined a priori a full review of future security and diplomatic requirements. Second, this sea change in NATO nuclear strategy is taking. TNWs in Historical Perspective Current Status of TNWs Does the Definition of TNWs on the Basis of Range nuclear weapons, which were forward-based and integrated with conventional forces, were a particularly dangerous category of nuclear attention on tactical nuclear weapons in NATO Europe and on NATO doctrine.

The large. From A Science Perspective: Books Trump Should Read Before Getting The Nuclear Codes: Cosmos And Culture On Thursday, President-elect Trump tweeted that the U.S.

should "expand its nuclear. Steven Pifer examines NATO’s nuclear background, lays out a number of questions the Alliance must consider as it thinks about its future nuclear posture, and outlines the.

For example, crucial non-nuclear European NATO allies, like Germany and the Netherlands, did not make such clear-cut public statements. The arms control process culminated in the INF Treaty and steamrolled NATO strategy by eliminating INF systems that many continued to regard as crucial given the rationale of the dual-track decision.

John Clearwater, Canadian Nuclear Weapons: The Untold Story of Canada's Cold War Arsenal (Toronto, The Dundurn Group, ).

U.S. nuclear sharing arrangements with Canada in North America and NATO Europe, U.S. Nuclear Weapons in Canada (Toronto, The Dundurn Group, ). Still treated as a secret by the Pentagon, declassified Canadian. This volume explores the current status and trajectory of Turkey’s nuclear program, adding historical perspective, analytical rigor, and strategic insight.

Foreword Introduction: Why Turkey. Sinan Ülgen. Chapter 1: Turkey and Nuclear Energy, Gürkan Kumbaro lu. Chapter 2: Regulating Nuclear Power, zak AtiyasFormat: Paperback. You can write a book review and share your experiences. Other readers will always be interested in your opinion of the books you've read.

Whether you've loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them. The key to bringing recalcitrant members on board is to demonstrate with concrete actions, such as the Pentagon’s new budget proposal to spend $ billion in the fiscal year to bolster U.S.

and NATO military capabilities in Central and Eastern European countries and the Baltic states, that greater and more sustained investments in.

The other two strategic nuclear systems are not subject to New START restrictions and Russia is not obligated to provide information about them to the United States. The role of these systems in strengthening Russia’s strategic nuclear deterrence is quite unclear, but their importance in the development of the U.S.-Russian dialogue on.

In recent weeks NATO has opened a new missile base in Romania, held the largest military maneuver in the modern history of Poland, and announced plans to deploy thousands more American troops at. Abstract. The debate over nuclear weapons in Europe and their utility as part of NATO's forward defense strategy persisted since the mids.

Existing tactical nuclear employment doctrine and strategies are based on obsolete criteria and defense concepts established when the U.S. possessed superiority in nearly all nuclear categories. Jones, Able Archer The Secret History of the NATO Exercise That Almost Triggered Nuclear War, Arnav Manchanda, “When truth is stranger than fiction: the Able Archer incident,” Cold War History 9, no.1 ():doi: /.

NATO, NUCLEAR WEAPONS AND ARMS CONTROL Foreign Policy at BROOKINGS Arms Control Series Paper 7 • July Arms Control Initiative Steven Pifer Massachusetts Ave., NW.Since India declared itself a nuclear weapon state in Mayits nuclear capabilities have grown significantly.

India is now on the verge of acquiring a triad of nuclear delivery systems. Its increasing nuclear profile has also stirred a debate on its stated nuclear doctrine involving principles of no-first use and massive retaliation.NATO, "Nuclear Sharing," and the "INF Analogy" Christopher Ford.

My participation in the most recent NATO Nuclear Policy Symposium, held in mid-March in Tirana, Albania, brought home to me the degree to which longstanding policies of NATO “nuclear sharing” have become controversial within the Atlantic Alliance.

My remarks to the symposium, reprinted here on NPF on Mawere.