Perspectives on reactor safety

  • 4.36 MB
  • English
U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission , Washington, DC
Nuclear reactors -- Safety meas
Statementprepared by F.E. Haskin, A.L. Camp ; prepared for Division of Safety Issue Resolution, Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
ContributionsCamp, Allen L., University of New Mexico. Dept. of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering., Sandia National Laboratories., U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research. Division of Safety Issue Resolution.
LC ClassificationsTK9152 .H343 1994
The Physical Object
Pagination1 v. (various pagings) :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL1199936M
LC Control Number94193189

This document describes a one-week course in nuclear safety concepts. The course consists of five modules: (1) the development of safety concepts; (2) severe accident perspectives; (3) accident progression in the reactor vessel; (4) containment characteristics and design bases; and (5) source terms and offsite consequences.

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Nuclear Reactor Safety aims to put the nuclear hazard in perspective by providing an objective overall technical review of the field. It focuses on reactor accidents and their consequences. LWRs are the predominant nuclear reactor in use around the world today, and they will continue to be the most frequently utilized in the near future.

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II Introduction. In the framework of the nuclear reactor safety, the analysis of all possible scenarios of hypothetical accidents is needed. In the first step of an accident of loss of coolant in a pressurised-water reactor (PWR), control rods may melt and interact with the steel structures.

This Safety Guide provides recommendations and guidance on conducting periodic safety review (PSR) of an existing nuclear power plant. PSR is a comprehensive safety review of all important aspects of safety, carried out at regular intervals, typically every ten years.

•Introduction to the MTO perspective.1) •Selected research projects –Five examples on research projects performed by the OECD Halden Reactor Project (HRP). •Practical implications and next step 2 Safety O M T 1) The views presented here are the views of the authors, not necessarily of IFE, OECD Halden Reactor Project.

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Operational Culture. Description. This publication establishes requirements Perspectives on reactor safety book to the design of nuclear power plants and elaborates on the safety objective, safety principles and concepts that provide the basis for deriving the safety requirements that must be met for the design of a nuclear power plant.

The publication is primarily aimed at operating organizations and regulatory bodies responsible for nuclear installations and describes their roles and responsibilities in the overall operating experience programme.

However, this publication is also of relevance to other organizations involved in the design, construction, commissioning, operation and decommissioning of nuclear installations, including.

Description. This publication is a revision of IAEA Safety Standards Series No. NS-R-1, Safety of Nuclear Power Plants: Design. It establishes requirements applicable to the design of nuclear power plants and elaborates on the safety objective, safety principles and concepts that provide the basis for deriving the safety requirements that must be met for the design of a nuclear power plant.

Abstract. The contents of the book are presented under the following chapter headings: (1) nuclear power reactor characteristics, (2) safety assessment, (3) reactor kinetics, (4) reactivity feedback effects, (5) reactivity-induced accidents, (6) fuel element behavior, (7) coolant transients, (8) loss-of-coolant accidents, (9) accident containment, and (10) releases of radioactive materials.

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In accordance with the theme, all of the chapters have been contributed by authors having an industrial af­ filiation. Design support and safety analysis of liquid metal reactors strongly relies on thermal hydraulic simulations and experiments.

A comprehensive overview can be found in the textbook of Roelofs, edit () that was issued as a major outcome of the European Horizon SESAME project. This paper will discuss the current state-of-the-art in liquid metal thermal hydraulics and also its future. A major focus of the design of modern fast reactors is on inherent and passive safety.

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Inside the pressure vessel of nuclear reactors, materials suffer from irradiation of neutrons which are generated by the fission reaction of nuclear fuels, mainly U and Pu.

Nuclear fission initiates by absorption of a neutron into a nucleus of. Get this from a library. Perspectives on reactor safety.

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[F E Haskin; Allen L Camp; S A Hodge; University of New Mexico. Department of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering.; Sandia National Laboratories.; Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Engineering Technology Division.; U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Office for Analysis and Evaluation of Operational Data.

Nuclear Reactor Safety aims to put the nuclear hazard in perspective by providing an objective overall technical review of the field. It focuses on reactor accidents and their consequences. and then considers the specific safety problems of thermal and fast reactors in detail.

This book is intended for two types of readers. First are. The Politicization of Safety Critical Perspectives on Domestic Violence Responses Families, Law, and Society The Politicization of Safety provides a critical historical perspective on domestic violence responses in the United States.

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Print Book & E-Book. ISBNReactor Safety. Safety of a reactor is of prime concern to its owner for several reasons: to ensure the safety of the public, the reactor operators, and the investment itself. Therefore, the design of a reactor is developed according to industry standards.

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Safety concerns. The main safety concern for nuclear power plants is a major accident. New Reactor Construction – Vogtle: Advanced Reactors: Commission Documents: Safety Enhancements after Fukushima: New Reactor Construction: NRC Safety Culture Policy Statement: Rulemaking Activity: Seabrook Concrete Degradation: Strategic Plan.

Get this from a library. Categorization of reactor safety issues from a risk perspective. [U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Division of Risk Analysis and Operations.;].

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